Development of the Czech Childhood Cancer Information System: Data Analysis and Interactive Visualization

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Publikace nespadá pod Fakultu sportovních studií, ale pod Lékařskou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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KREJČÍ Denisa KAROLYI Matěj PEHALOVÁ Lucie ŠČAVNICKÝ Jakub ZAPLETALOVÁ Michaela KATINOVÁ Ivana ŠTĚRBA Jaroslav STARY Jan ŠNAJDROVÁ Lenka KOMENDA Martin DUŠEK Ladislav

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj JMIR PUBLIC HEALTH AND SURVEILLANCE
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
www https://publichealth.jmir.org/2021/6/e23990/authors
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/23990
Klíčová slova cancer epidemiology; children; data visualization; software development
Popis Background: The knowledge of cancer burden in the population, its time trends, and the possibility of international comparison is an important starting point for cancer programs. A reliable interactive tool describing cancer epidemiology in children and adolescents has been nonexistent in the Czech Republic until recently. Objective: The goal of this study is to develop a new web portal entitled the Czech Childhood Cancer Information System (CCCIS), which would provide information on childhood cancer epidemiology in the Czech Republic. Methods: Data on childhood cancers have been obtained from the Czech National Cancer Registry. These data were validated using the clinical database of childhood cancer patients and subsequently combined with data from the National Register of Hospitalised Patients and with data from death certificates. These validated data were then used to determine the incidence and survival rates of childhood cancer patients aged 0 to 19 years who were diagnosed in the period 1994 to 2016 (N=9435). Data from death certificates were used to monitor long-term mortality trends. The technical solution is based on the robust PHP development Symfony framework, with the PostgreSQL system used to accommodate the data basis. Results: The web portal has been available for anyone since November 2019, providing basic information for experts (ie, analyses and publications) on individual diagnostic groups of childhood cancers. It involves an interactive tool for analytical reporting, which provides information on the following basic topics in the form of graphs or tables: incidence, mortality, and overall survival. Feedback was obtained and the accuracy of outputs published on the CCCIS portal was verified using the following methods: the validation of the theoretical background and the user testing. Conclusions: We developed software capable of processing data from multiple sources, which is freely available to all users and makes it possible to carry out automated analyses even for users without mathematical background; a simple selection of a topic to be analyzed is required from the user.
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