Concentration of Attention and Creating a Psychological Characteristics of Czech National Men Team in Biathlon



Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Universitatis Matthiae Belii, Physical Education and Sport
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Field Sport and leisure time activities
Keywords biathlon; biathlon shooting; psychological characteristics; testing
Description The goal of biathletes is to finish the running track as soon as possible and if possible complete accurate shooting at targets with minimal penalty load (Ondráček; Paugschová 2000). Material and training conditions of the participants in the highest international competitions in biathlon are getting balanced. The success or failure in the race is decided more on the track than on the shooting point, in the shooting process. One shooting failure under certain conditions, means 10 to 15 drop in score list and each next missed target excludes the biathlete from the fight for the first places in the overall standings (Ondráček; Hřebíčková; Paugschová, Meznik, 2011) Shooting success in biathlon is determined not only by quality training workout, but to a large extent by mental condition of the athlete, his resistance to external and internal influences. In case of failure there is a decrease of achievement motivation, lack of public interest, criticism and negative audience and surroundings reaction appear (Blahutková; Pacholík 2008).

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