Balancing in handstand on the floor



Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Science of Gymnastics Journal
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Field Sport and leisure time activities
Keywords gymnastics balance physiology biomechanics
Description The contribution is a review study dealing with a handstand as one of the basic movement structures in artistic gymnastics. Balancing in this inverse position is a complex process based on physiological and physical principles. From physiological point of view the important results are from research dealing with function of vestibular apparatus, visual system, proprioception, central nervous system and motor units and their participation in balance maintaining. Another important question is a relationship between the strength of particular muscle groups and a level of balancing ability. Based on stabilometric measurements and 3D kinematic analysis of correcting movements equalizing the perturbations during a handstand we can distinguish several strategies of maintaining balance. Other important factors influencing the holding time in handstand position in gymnastics, mainly in tool disciplines, are a visual control and position of head.
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