The difference between type of physical activity on the values of blood pressure in the group of young women



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Kinanthropology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Keywords benefits; diastolic blood pressure; exercise; resistance; systolic blood pressure
Description The aim of this study is to investigate the differences between regular aerobic and resistance exercise training performed during 3 months in the group of prehypertension young women. Twelve prehypertension women (age 21.5 ± 1.05 years; body weight 55.21 ± 5.79 kg; body height 1.63 ± 0.12 m; resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) 124.0 ± 6.0 mmHg; resting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 85 ± 5.0 mmHg) were randomly assigned to two groups (endurance (EG) and resistance group (RG)). Before the study, a ramp test was performed on a standard bicycle ergometer (Ergoline ergoselect 200). Measuring of BP was conducted with digital tonometer (Omron M3) 10 minutes before, 10 and 30 minutes after the each exercise in both groups. The exercise regimen was set up 2 times weekly (exercise programme lasted 50 minutes). Results: The significant decrease were found between pre-test and post-test in the value of SBP and DBP in RG (SBP30min, p= 0.0332; DBP30min, p= 0.0472). The average decrease between pre-test and post-test was for SBP 6.0 ± 1.0 mmHg and DBP 3.0 ± 1.0 mmHg). The similar results (10 minutes before vs 30 minutes after exercise) have been found in EG (SBP 3.0 ± 1.0 mmHg and DBP 2.0 ± 1.0 mmHg).From the outcome of our investigation, it is possible to conclude thatregular and controlled physical activity is beneficial for improving the values of BP.
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