The level of selected gymnastic abilities in elemantary school pupils



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Kinanthropology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Keywords artistic gymnastics; evaluation; scale; education
Description Purpose: Gymnastics positively influences the condition of locomotion system, increases muscular as well as functional fitness and cultivates movement performance. According to the Framework Educational Programme Ministry of Education, Youth and Artistic gymnastics should form one of the basic parts of physical education content on elementary and secondary schools. The aim of the work was to evaluate the level of selected gymnastics abilities in pupils of selected elementary schools in the Czech Republic. Methods: The group consisted of 351 pupils of 8th Year of elementary school in the Czech Republic, 198 boys and 153 girls. Basic gymnastic movement elementswere selected: forward roll, backward roll, handstand, cartwheel, pullover, squat vault and straddle vault. The level of performance was evaluated by observation. The quality of performance was evaluated by 4 - level scale. Interviews with individual teachers were held in order to acquire information on number of lessons per week, content of lessons and material equipment of gymnasiums. Results: We found out that more boys than girls train gymnastic during the compulsory lessons of physical education. Girls, however, try more different types of gymnastic exercises. When comparing exercises on different equipment, both boys and girls performed best at forward roll and straddle vault. Boys performed worse in handstand and cartwheel, girls performed worse in handstand and squat vault. We also found out that at some schools not all the selected elements were trained and practised. Conclusions: A positive fact is artistic gymnastic is trained in boys at all selected schools, in girls at 13 out of 14 schools. Almost all teachers had a positive relationship with gymnastics, however, lessons spent training gymnastics at some school was not sufficient for mastering of the selected elements. Another factor affecting the level of performance of gymnastic elements was poor equipment of gymnasiums and low functional awareness in mainly girls, as statedby teachers.

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info