The influence of social interaction: motivation gain of group training in children



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Kinanthropology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Keywords group cohesion; mutual encouragement; self-motivation; sport performance; synchronized swimming; youth athletes
Description It could be assumed that exercise motivation is influenced by many psychological factors including enjoyment, social influence, and self-efficacy. Effect of group exercise is sometimes a neglected factor although it has been shown it leads to higher performance, especially with more capable partners. The aim of this study was to report on the effect of social-comparative feedback to physical performance of children aged from nine to eleven years. The study involved 14 young elite synchronized female swimmers from the Czech Olympic Club who compete at an international level (age M=10.02±0.66). This research was conducted in an experimental design. Two girls had to terminate their participation in the research. The influence of social interaction was examined in two different physical performances, i.e. isometric strength and dynamic strength; in two separately measured rounds, i.e. as individuals and as a group. There was a week interval between the rounds. In the first test girls were required to hold a wall seat position as long as possible and in the second test maximum vertical jump was measured. A sample of participants was randomly split into two groups; one started with an individual and the other with a group exercise for both testing methods. During the individual try only the researcher was present in the place. In the group test there were all members of the test group together in the same time and place. The mean performance in the individual try for vertical jump was M=15.63±4.59and M=17.19±4.61 for the group one. In the wall seat test it was M=107.07±72.18 (individual) and M=216.21±140.47 (group). The influence of social interaction in the group was evaluated by Cohen’s d which showed high substantive differences (dynamic strength d=0.33, small effect; isometric strength endurance d=0.99, large effect)ation in this research, and signed consensus forms
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