Analysis of longitudinal plantar arch in female artistic gymnastics



Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Science of Gymnastics Journal
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Keywords gymnastics; women; foot arch; Emed; Chippaux-Šmiřák
Description The aim of the study was to use plantographic measurements to analyse the condition of longitudinal plantar arch in a group of female artistic gymnasts and to find out to which characteristics of gymnasts they are related. The study group included 52 artistic gymnasts at a high performance level. Using static measurement on an Emed platform plantographs were acquired which were then evaluated by the Chippaux-Šmiřák method, the results were then scaled according to Klementa norms. In 89 measured feet out of 104 a high longitudinal foot arch was detected. Out of these 5 were slightly high, 14 were medium high and 70 were very high. The remaining 15 gymnasts had a normal longitudinal foot arch. By calculating the Pearson correlationcoefficient we found out that with the duration of gymnastic practice the height of foot arch decreases (r = 0.47), these changes might also be affected by increasing BMI (r = -0.51) during growing up. Regarding the condition of preferred and non-preferred foot, no statistically significant difference was found out (p = 0.44). Based on the results we recommend compensatory exercises aiming to plantar flexors stretching to be included in artistic gymnasts’ preparation.
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