Pohybový a respirační intervenční program pro hematoonkologické pacienty

Title in English Interventional motion and respiratory programme for hemato-oncological patients


Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Onkologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Web https://www.onkologiecs.cz/artkey/xon-201903-0004_pohybovy_a_respiracni_intervencni_program_pro_hematoonkologicke_pacienty.php
Keywords lymphoma; hemato-oncology; respiratory programme physical activity; aerobic exercise
Description The main aim of the interventional motion and respiratory programme is increasing fitness in hemato-oncological patients as well as cessation of their muscle mass loss as a result of their disease and treatment. The motion and respiratory programme focuses also on improving the quality of the patients´ lives. Hemato-oncological diseases and their treatment bring a range of side effects that are caused by cardiac, neural, and pulmonary toxicity of the treatment, which has influence upon the decreasing quality of the patients´ lives. There are further frequent symptoms that occur as a result of the treatment such as anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and cachexia. Patients suffering from hemato-oncological disease frequently show symptoms of fatigue, inefficiency, and strain breathlessness, which can persist for months and even years after the treatment has finished. Studies indicate that physical exercise, especially of aerobic character, increase cardio-respiratory fitness, muscle strength, and physical well-being. The motion and respiratory interventional programme took place over a period of 6 months. It was divided into a 3 months respiratory training at home and a directed motion aerobic programme that took place 3 times a week for 60 minutes. The intensity of the exercise was set up individually on the level of the anaerobic threshold of each participant, which was ascertained on the basis of the initial performance test. The research sample were 16 people, mean age value was 53,31 years of age (23–79 years of age, 8 women and 8 men). The reconditioning programme included only patients in remission and without any contraindication regarding the performance test. The randomisation was geographic (patients from vicinity with a possibility to commute regularly for the exercise lessons). The results of the performance tests after the motion and respiratory programme of the participants of the study showed improvements in the field of the participants´ aerobic capacity as well as in the field of sympto-vagal dysbalance unfortunately without statistical significance.
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