Stanovení koncentrace IgA a lysozymu ve slinách jako obraz slizniční imunity u sportující mládeže

Title in English Determination of IgA and lysozyme concentrations in saliva as image of mucosal immunity in athletic youth


Year of publication 2020
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Description A total of 142 performing athletes under the age of 18 were monitored (97 samples of athletes men, 45 samples of women) in the disciplines 1. swimming 2 gymnastics and 3 badbinton and compared with 4 control samples of men, 5 control samples of women for the content of three parameters in saliva; IgA, lysozyme and total protein. A statistically significant difference was observed between controls and athletes in the three parameters of the saliva sample, where athletes have higher IgA levels, lower lysozyme levels and lower levels in men, higher protein levels in women, and overall protein levels do not change. Tendency after heavy exercise compared to controls; Swimming; increase in protein, decrease. lysozyme, lower. protein, sport. gymnastics and badbinton; increase in protein, sharp decrease in lysozyme during swimming, decrease. protein. Exceptions; one case of gymnastics up to 100x increase. mn. IgA, but at the same time very worsened heart rate variability (in the 3rd period, ie after races). Overall, it can be said that with a large training and racing load, the heart rate variability deteriorates, especially in swimmers, less in gymnastics, at least in badbinton, which is due to the number of training units and the load on the body.
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