Analysis of take-off phase of somersaults with twisting along the longitudinal body axis



Year of publication 2011
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source International Journal of Biological and Life Sciences
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Field Sport and leisure time activities
Keywords back somersault with twisting; biomechanical analysis; take-off
Description The contribution deals with problem of take-off phase of back somersault with twisting with various numbers of twists along longitudinal body axis. The aim was to evaluate the changes in angles during transition phase from back handspring to back somersault using 3D kinematic analysis of the somersaults. We used Simi Motion System for the 3D kinematic analysis of the observed gymnastic element performed by Czech Republic female representative and 2008 Summer Olympic Games participant. The results showed that the higher the number of twists, the smaller the touchdown angle in which the gymnasts lands on the pad in the beginning of take-off phase. In back somersault with one twist (180 degrees) the average angle is 54 degrees, in 1080 degrees back somersault the average angle is 45.9 degrees. These results may help to improve technical training of sports gymnasts.

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