The effect of the intervention dance program on the level of functional fitness and postural stability in elderly



Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Studia Sportiva
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Keywords aging; dance; Senior fitness test; motor abilities; balance ability
Description The major objective of this study was to investigate the influence of six months dance intervention program on the level of functional fitness and postural stability in the elderly. The exercise program was carried out three times a week and included 60 dance exercise sessions. 60 elderly participated in the study (67.5±5.69 years), 30 in a dance intervention group (weight: 70.32±13.59kg; BMI 25.95±3.79 kg/m2), 30 in a control group (weight: 76.93±15.45kg; BMI 27.06±3.88 kg/m2). Three subtests (6Min Walk Test, Chair Stand Test, 8 Foot up and Go Test) were used to determine the level of functional fitness from the Senior fitness test battery; the static posturography method assessed the level of balance abilities in one position. The most meaningful results to emerge from the data are that the intervention dance program led to a post-exercise increase in the level of agility, dynamic balance and reaction speed measured by 8 Foot up Go test in the intervention group. The results indicate a statistically significant difference value in the intervention group compared to the control group between post-test results (p=0.01). Values of the other monitored parameters were not statistically significant. The Cohen coefficient d reflects the low (8 Foot up and Go test, 6 Min Walk test) or medium value (Chair Stand test) of the intervention program's effectiveness. Our study suggests, that intervention dance program could significantly improve the level of agility, dynamic balance and reaction speed.
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