Eating habits related to cancer prevention among elementary school pupils in the Czech Republic



Year of publication 2018
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Description The cancer load of the Czech population ranks among the highest worldwide. The consensus among scientists in in the field of cancer control is that diet plays an important but not fully understood role in modifying cancer risk and that certain changes in the diet could have a beneficial impact on cancer occurrence. This paper aims current eating habits of elementary school pupils from selected schools in Brno (Czech Republic), and on the base of comparison with nutritional recommendations we attempted to answer the question whether the elementary school pupils have healthy diet. The research has been carried out in selected elementary schools in Brno, Czech Republic. It involves pupils aged 11-15, both boys and girls. Information have been obtained by questionnaire method. 355 completed questionnaire forms have been submitted back and further processed in this research. Although obesity does not appear to be as strong an independent risk factor for cancer as other factors, some cancers such as kidney, endometrium, and ovary cancers are related to obesity. Results show that rather high percentage of 355 respondents has an ideal weight in respect to their height – 85.1%. More than one third of pupils answered that they daily consume fresh fruit, but most of them eat fresh vegetable only 1-3 times per week...Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption is an important health behaviour. Parental influence s on children´s fruit and vegetables consumption are poorly understood. Children keep the principles of healthy nutrition only occasionally. As for food allergy, 13.5% of children reported an allergy occurrence, most frequent allergy concerned milk and nuts.

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