Consequences of overweight and obesity on human skeletal system

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Rok publikování 2014
Druh Konferenční abstrakty
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sportovních studií

Popis Obesity is a serious worldwide problem. Metabolic consequences of obesity have been vastly studied, especially type 2 diabetes, heart disease andcancer. Less attention has been paid to postural changes, postural deviations and low back pain. A number of intervention programmes of reducing body weight have been created at present, however few of them might be considered as successful. The reasons are not fully understood. However, body weight changes are responsible for various postural changes, which concurrently might reduce intervention programme adherence. We want to emphasize some of the overweight and obesity postural disabilities consequences. Understanding of these issues must be important factors of prevention. Postural status of obese people is often impaired by alterations such as protruding abdomen which is often associated with the increase in lumbar lordosis. Furthermore, exaggerated thoracic kyphosis, leading to protrusion of the head and intervertebral disc herniation are of interest. Importantly, the risk of disc degeneration is substantially higher when BMI is above 25 kg/m2. An excess of weight also negatively effects plantar arch of feet. The prevalence of obesity is rising progressively. It is important to solve the problem of obesity as a part of the broad and complex phenomenon. Therefore it is needed to integrate to build research as a part of solving the problem of obesity.
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